Talking in sleep, which is also known as somniloquy is the condition where a person tends to talk while sleeping. It is not considered to be a medical issue but is a common behavior amongst people. This phenomenon of talking in sleep is sometimes episodic and at other times a continuous one. Some people mumble and whisper in their sleep while some are loud and eloquent.
The sufferers are not the ones who can detect this issue. It is only the person sleeping next to you who can make you aware of it. It is mostly thought that people tend to talk in their dreams. But scientists are of the view that one need not be necessarily dreaming while sleep talking. In fact, it can take place at any stage of sleep.
Why Sleep Talking Take Place?
Sleep talking is considered to be harmless but in some cases, it might be because of poor health conditions or sleep disorders. One kind of sleep disorder is caused by night terrors. Night terrors or sleep terrors usually lead to frightening screams, kicking or thrashing. Sometimes night terrors get so intense that it becomes difficult to wake the person up from his sleep. Children who experience such terrors tend to talk and walk in their sleep as well.
Here, sleepwalking can also be considered as one of the causes of sleep talking. Other factors like emotional stress, mental disorder, medications, etc. are also some causes of sleep talking.
How To Treat Sleep Talking?
If you are a sufferer of sleep talking it is important to visit a sleep specialist. Many people ignore such disorders due to fear or embarrassment. But this should not be the case. It has the chance of getting worse in due course of time. As an adult, if you experience any signs of fear or violent actions in your sleep, seek help immediately. If you see the same signs in your child, take him or her to the pediatrician.
The asleep specialist tries to treat issues of sleep talking by asking questions like, since long you have been talking while being asleep? How you come across this? What has your roommate to say about your sleep talking? Do you mumble or tend to get violent during sleep talking? Do you sleepwalk at the same time? You cannot identify sleep talking by any test. Therefore, the doctors base their treatment based on the answers to such questions.
How To Control Sleep Talking?
There is not just one way to do away with sleep talking. But one has to be conscious of his is overall health and lifestyle to control this habit. One such way is to get enough of proper and uninterrupted sleep regularly. Lack of sleep disturbs the overall functions of the body. Also, it is advisable to keep yourself away from tension or stress.
Experts recommend maintaining a diary wherein the patients need to note down things like the time of going to bed and waking up, the dose of medications (if any), the amount of caffeine intake, the time and kind of exercises, etc.